Значение ретроспективного подхода в противоположность хронологически-перспективному подходу к жизнеописанию Ф.М. Достоевского
The significance of a retrospective approach as opposed to the chronological-perspective approach to F.M. Dostoevsky's biography
Dostoevsky attached great importance to the power of a person's childhood memories. Suffice it to recall Alyosha's speech to the boys in the finale of The Brothers Karamazov and a number of statements on this subject in his Writer's Diary. According to the writer's conviction, the identity of a human personality is formed throughout life thanks to the preserved episodes of his memories. This layer is deeply connected with the moral mentality of Russian intellectuals, brought up in childhood in the family on religious and cultural folk tradition. In his famous letter to his brother Mikhail suddenly and unexpectedly appears the young Hesychast Dostoevsky. It is argued that such an ambiguous historical position of Hesychasm is reflected in the story The Landlady. in order to analyze this unique story, it is necessary, and it will be fruitful, to use a retrospective approach.
Keywords: Hesychasm; The Landlady; Dostoevsky's childhood; Retrospective approach
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